Decades before the appearance of fur traders, missionaries and discoverers, their impact arrived as waves of disease decimated native populations on the plains and in mountain valleys. Westside tribes tolerated early trading posts and religious missions, although the Blackfoot nations were less accommodating on the east slopes. Military forces played both sides of the new order, subduing pockets of Indian resistance while restraining whiskey traders who exploited social breakdown. The wholesale slaughter of native wildlife, especially bison, and the introduction of cattle and railroads solidified the transition to a new society with a different economy.
the best travel advice comes from the people who live here
Skating wild ice, camping in national parks, backpacking, and elk hunting
I like to set up a camp in a beautiful location, hike until I'm tuckered out, and come back to my little trailer to make an elaborate dinner.
Natural history, environmental advocacy, and climate change science and solutions